But first: what is it even?
Type 2 diabetes (T2D), also known as diabetes mellitus type 2, is a type of diabetes in which glucose builds up in the bloodstream due to insulin resistance and low insulin levels. Insulin, which you can learn about here
, is the hormone that regulates blood sugar.
But let's dig a bit deeper, as far back as the ancient Egyptian pyramids. While most people refer to it today as T2D, diabetes mellitus type 2
, as it's scientifically recognized, has a very intriguing etymology. Egyptian manuscripts dating back to 1500 B.C (😱) record the symptoms of a deadly disease that caused frequent urination and unquenchable thirst. Around the same time, Indian physicians were seeing the same no-name killer. Victims' urine attracted ants and flies, which eventually spurred those same physicians to coin the term madhumeha
, or ‘honey urine.'
From madhumeha to mellitus
Fast forward (and move your maps 🗺) to Greece in the 1st Century AD. Greek physician Aretaeus of Cappadocia (others argue it was Apollonius of Memphis) coins the word diabetes
, the Greek word for siphon (to pass through). Then, in 1978, British Surgeon-General John Rollo adds Latin term mellitus
("of or pertaining to honey") to create the terminology as we know it today: diabetes mellitus (sweet siphon), type 1 and type 2.
Currently, there is no cure for type 2 diabetes. But you can manage type 2 diabetes well and avoid complications with a good diet, regular exercise, and, in most cases, some medication (e.g., metformin, insulin, etc.). Anyone can live a long and healthy life with T2D! The key is keeping blood glucose in range and sticking to a mindful, healthy lifestyle.
The Ultimate Guide to Type 2 Diabetes
In order to manage diabetes well, it's important to understand exactly how diabetes works. That's why we've created the One Drop Guide to T2D
-- to help you understand the basics of T2D, including the role of the pancreas and insulin
-- to show you ways you can help your body achieve balance and lower your blood sugar levels